The basis of technical writing is presenting factual information to the reader in a clear and concise manner, typically for the purpose of instruction. Examples of technical writing include operation manuals, engineering textbooks, and guides for computer programming. Scientific journal-style writing is a subset of technical writing in that it also aims to present factual information, but the information is typically presented in a style and format unique to science disciplines. Scientific writing incorporates the identification of a problem or a gap in the scientific body of knowledge, experimental evaluation, and the drawing of a conclusion, whether the conclusion take the form of a proposed solution or simply the recommendation for more research. Scientific writing follows its own methodology and is a skill that takes practice to master.
Scientific Writing Breakdown
Scientific writing is typically geared towards academia, but can also include scientific communications within organizations such as pharmaceutical or chemical companies. Scientific journal-style writing follows the formula of 1) presenting a hypothesis, 2) performing an experiment, and 3) drawing conclusions from the results. This is the bread and butter of every scientific journal article. Most papers are fleshed out with additional information for the benefit of the reader, including an abstract, an introduction or background, discussions, detailed figure legends, literature references, etc., but every piece of scientific writing should incorporate the three core components.